PANEL The Book of Disquiet Digital Archive

This panel presents the final results of the project No Problem Has a Solution: A Digital Archive of the Book of Disquiet (to be published online in October, 2015,, a research project of the Centre for Portuguese Literature at the University of Coimbra, funded by the Science and Technology Foundation (PTDC/CLE-LLI/118713/2010). The panel addresses the conceptual, technical and design challenges of building a dynamic digital archive that integrates both authorial and editorial witnesses of Fernando Pessoa’s Book of Disquiet. The papers will discuss, respectively, (1) the data model and functionalities of the scholarly and virtual layers of the archive; (2) the XML-TEI textual encoding of Pessoa’s writing process; and (3) the process of designing the archive’s web interface and analyzing user experience.

Session P [Philology Strand 2]
Manuel Portela and António Rito Silva (CLP, University of Coimbra; IST/INESC-ID, University of Lisbon – PT)
LdoD Archive as a Dynamic Digital Archive
LdoD Archive is a dynamic digital archive based on Fernando Pessoa’s Livro do Desassossego [“L. do D.”]. The Archive contains facsimiles and textual transcriptions of autograph witnesses (manuscripts, typescripts, printed texts) as well as textual transcriptions of four editions of the Book of Disquiet published between 1982 and 2010. All variations across the textual corpus have been marked up in TEI-conformant XML. This granular encoding has enabled us to automate comparisons between any 2, 3, 4 or 5 versions of any given fragment, both at the micro-scale of textual form, and at the macro-scale of bibliographic structure. Besides the set of functionalities related to the scholarly level of the archive, the LdoD Archive provides a set of software tools that allow readers to generate further content by creating their own editions and annotations within the archive’s virtual layer. The research for this project culminated in a dynamic model for a digital archive, which brings collaborative computing techniques into the universe of critical editing and reading in digital media. This paper discusses the conceptual and technical virtualization of the Book of Disquiet as a digital simulation of the dynamic nature of textual fields. The procedural and participatory affordances of the Archive will be illustrated throughout with the current version of the LdoD Archive.

Session P [Philology Strand 2]
Diego Giménez (CLP, University of Coimbra – PT)
Elogio do Arquivo: Codificação das Fases de Escrita no Livro do Desassossego de Fernando Pessoa: O Exemplo do <add> (addition)

Em 1988 Ivo Castro, responsável da edição crítica da obra de Fernando Pessoa para a Imprensa Nacional Casa da Moeda, remarcou, numa comunicação intitulada “Edição Crítica de Pessoa: O Modelo Editorial Adoptado”, que “como negar ao leitor o máximo de conhecimento sobre o que está escrito por Pessoa nos manuscritos, quando sabemos que dentro de uma geração, provavelmente, nem o leitor, nem nós, seremos ainda capazes de decifrar a tinta sumida dos papéis”. Neste artigo argumentamos que a codificação das fases de escrita no Livro do Desassossego permitem representar o processo de composição que é interpretado de maneira diferente pelos especialistas. Desta forma, a comparação entre o trabalho realizado com a edição crítica e o trabalho realizado com a codificação informática permite pôr em paralelo problemas e soluções adoptados em dois momentos diferenciados dos estudos pessoanos e dos estudos humanísticos em geral.

Session P [Philology Strand 2]
Tiago Santos and Luís Lucas Pereira (CLP, University of Coimbra – PT)
LdoD Archive: User Experience and Identity Design Processes

LdoD Archive is a dynamic web archive dedicated to Fernando Pessoa’s Book of Disquiet. It is an archive built on HTML, Javascript and TEI technology, among others, which allows users to generate not only comparative readings across the editions, but also a genetic view of Fernando Pessoa’s writing processes. In this paper we will address the user experience and identity design processes implemented. Our analysis is based on structured and semi-structured interviews and tests on the uses of the application.


PANEL Digital Methodologies and the Student Literature Essay

This panel seeks to explore both the theoretical and practical effects of digital literary studies on the future of the literature course assignment. We ask what future the essay can, and should have, in light of growing scholarly practices of mapping, visualizing and utilizing big data. This panel presents and contextualizes our experiences integrating digital scholarship methods into the literature classroom at the University of Michigan. We approach these questions from a variety of perspectives, as an assistant director of a humanities institute, a data librarian and a Romance languages librarian. From these different positions we have all worked to integrate digital studies into undergraduate literature courses: offering a course on mapping Moby-Dick and utilizing a digital project on Don Quixote as part of a course, among others. We ask: What can visualization projects bring to the literature classroom? Why deviate from the essay format for literature course assignments? How can the essay be enhanced by digital technologies and methods to make it more exciting and facilitate more thorough understanding of the subject matter?

Session Q [Teaching Strand 3]
Barbara Alvarez (University of Michigan – USA)
Teaching by Building: How Not to Abandon Don Quixote and the Essay Assignment

Drawing on the experience with the digital project Don Quixote in English, this paper will explore the challenges and opportunities of digital project-based learning in an undergraduate literature course. When well designed, digital projects can influence student learning in a number of ways: they increase motivation and active engagement, allow for a wide range of learning styles, and encourage creativity. Visualization of data, in particular, helps understand difficult material and identify opportunities for critical inquiry that remain “invisible” to the readers of text. The use of digital technology enriches student experience and facilitates development of new digital skills, but at the same time it can also invigorate the practice of “old” skills such as research and essay writing.

Session Q [Teaching Strand 3]
Patrick Tonks (University of Michigan – USA)
Digital Projects vs. Essays: On the Contingency of Literature Assignments

While appreciation of literature often does come through the process of crafting a well-turned essay, there are other ways of exploring literature and (crucially, for the satisfaction of institutions that count on measuring student achievement) showing that one has meaningfully investigated and learned from a text. Digital projects constitute one set of alternative options to the essay. By substituting digital assignments (in particular projects that involve data visualization) for essay assignments, literature courses can avoid some of the limitations that the argumentative essay form imposes on students’ exploration of literary works. In this presentation, I will draw some preliminary observations from the experience of requiring undergraduate students to produce data visualization projects instead of essays in two different literature courses. Having students use digital tools to compile, organize, map, and visualize data “extracted” from literary works (or the historical context of those works) can paradoxically allow for more free exploration of and reflection on literary themes, while at the same time giving students access to institutional forms that may hold more relevance for their professional lives. My aim is to begin to disentangle the (largely unspoken) assumption that studying texts (works of literature) can best be done through the writing of texts (in this case, student essays), while providing examples of how visualization projects in particular can satisfy the learning goals of literature instructors and students in some ways better than essay assignments can.

Session Q [Teaching Strand 3]
Justin Joque (University of Michigan – USA)
Teaching Literature Through Data Visualization

The ability to display complex webs of relations, themes, geographies, characters, etc. within and between texts provides unique opportunities for the study and teaching of literature. Data visualization provides a variety of challenges and opportunities for thinking about literature beyond the scholarly essay. Visualization allows students and scholars to understand and investigate complex relations and trends within literature elucidating aspects of texts that are otherwise unavailable. In addition to placing visualization in the larger scholarly and pedagogical environment, the paper draws directly on experiences teaching literature, such as Moby-Dick, and other humanities topics through visualization. Ultimately, it provides both a technical and theoretical description of the role, challenges and opportunities provided by visualization for teaching literature.

PANEL Literatura y Testimonios en la Diáspora Digital Ibérica e Iberoamericana

El objetivo principal del panel es ofrecer una perspectiva transnacional de la diáspora en el ámbito digital en su relación con la cultura peninsular e iberoamericana a través del testimonio escrito de los migrantes tanto desde la península como desde el continente americano. Las aportaciones de este panel serán en portugués y en español.
El panel estará compuesto por las siguientes comunicaciones, detalladas en el documento adjunto (se presentan las 3 en español para unificar el documento, pero la primera intervención será en portugués):
– “A escrita autobiográfica de emigrantes portugueses em Newark: resistencia aos estereotipos e emancipação glocal”
– “La poesía de la diáspora en la creación computacional hispánica”
– “Reconstrucción del yo: memorias de América en la narrativa digital de los emigrados a España”
Con las tres comunicaciones se pretende, por tanto, estudiar y analizar el testimonio de la diáspora en la red a través de la autobiografía como texto esencial de la construcción de la memoria individual y colectiva y los procesos literarios en la red que se han derivado de la emigración de autores.

Session R [Analysis Strand 6]
Elsa Lechner (University of Coimbra – PT)
A Escrita Autobiográfica de Emigrantes Portugueses em Newark: Resistência aos Estereótipos e Emancipação Glocal

Esta comunicación se centrará en la presentación de los resultados de una investigación Fulbright/Instituto Camões en marcha que se centra en la escritura autobiográfica de los emigrantes portugueses en New Jersey (EE. UU.). El estudio se ha centrado en el análisis de textos surgidos de la diáspora portuguesa en el país norteamericano para aportar una reflexión sobre la figura del “emigrante” portugués más allá de los factores puramente sociales o sociológicos. Se trata de una base teórica contrahegemónica necesaria para la comprensión de la diáspora y su testimonio como elemento de empoderamiento de los sujetos en el espacio glocal (local y global) de la no ficción y autoficción. Para ello se recurre al estudio pormenorizado de cuatro obras autobiográficas en concreto a partir de las cuales se analiza el potencial heurístico y valor biopolítico de los testimonios de emigrantes. La comunicación ofrecerá la presentación de los resultados preliminares de la investigación, todavía en curso en el momento de envío de resumen, de emigrantes portugueses en Newark. La investigación parte de la constatación de una disonancia entre las representaciones dominantes sobre la figura del emigrante portugués y las identidades creativas en carne y hueso que nos encontramos sobre el terreno.

Sessão R [Analysis Strand 6]
Celia Corral Cañas (Universidad de Salamanca – ES)
La Poesía de la Diáspora en la Creación Computacional Hispánica

Desde la perspectiva poética, la diáspora es un elemento clave en la literatura de la creación computacional hispánica. En un momento en el que el concepto de nación ha entrado en crisis y se apuesta, por el contrario, teórica y experimentalmente por lo transatlántico y transnacional, algunos de los artistas del ámbito de la literatura digital más relevantes del panorama peninsular proceden de países iberoamericanos, en una manifestación clara de la superación de las fronteras territoriales en aras de una vivencia multicultural. De este modo, la diáspora se convierte en un tema presente en el inconsciente creativo de estos autores, con secuelas que se visibilizan en distintos aspectos, temáticos y formales, y que desembocan finalmente en la obra. La relación entre la diáspora y la creación computacional radica, por tanto, en la propia cosmovisión del medio electrónico, que entronca con los conceptos clave de nuestro tiempo: la “heterotopía”, de Michel Foucault; el “no-lugar” de Marc Augé; la pantalla como espacio global, de Gilles Lipovetsky y Jean Serroy; el “rizoma” de Gilles Deleuze y Félix Guattari; lo “efímero”, de Gilles Lipovetsky y la “liquidez” de Zygmunt Bauman. La evanescencia y la volatilidad de la pantalla transmiten la sensación del viaje continuo y del desarraigo en esta galaxia, la Galaxia Internet, en la que todo cibernauta –todo escritor y todo lector– practica y vive un nomadismo incesante y necesario.

Session R [Analysis Strand 6]
Daniel Escandell Montiel (Universidad de Salamanca – ES)
Reconstrucción del Yo: Memorias de América en la Narrativa Digital de los Emigrados a España

Esta comunicación se centrará en el testimonio del emigrado desde la perspectiva de la narración de la memoria y de la nostalgia como una literatura del recuerdo, sí, pero también como la construcción de un nuevo presente a través de la asimilación de la nueva situación como parte de la cicatrización emocional del proceso memorístico. Para ello, se analizará el espectro de la creación literaria de los autores iberoamericanos emigrados principalmente a España que han desarrollado una producción escritural centrada muy en particular durante parte de su trayectoria literaria (pero no necesariamente de forma exclusiva en el ámbito de la digitalidad). Esto implica poner el foco en la narrativa digital no desde la perspectiva de la técnica digital empleada o las taxonomías habituales del género, sino desde la de la diáspora y la búsqueda de una nueva identidad en el cambio de locus experimentado por el autor. El estudio pretende recoger también los casos más significativos para este análisis de la producción literaria en la diáspora latinoamericana cuando esta se ha dado también en otros países europeos. Se trata, en definitiva de comprender estas voces puramente ficcionales superando los enfoques generales de los ámbitos de estudio que hasta ahora las han capitalizado (en esencia, los estudios de mediología y periodismo, los literarios, los de ingeniería informática y de las telecomunicaciones y todas sus hibridaciones posibles) para interpretarlas desde las claves instrumentales de la diáspora como testimonio cultural del emigrado.


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